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旅游景点介绍,详见西关风情之旅
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  荔湾,旧称“西关”,因区内有“一湾青水绿,两岸荔枝红”美誉的“荔枝湾”而得名。现辖区面积16.2平方公里,常住人口50多万,常住外来人口20多万。
  荔湾区位于广州繁华市区西部,地处珠江东、北岸,交通枢纽纵横交错;北接火车站、白云机场;南有人民桥、珠江隧道贯通珠江两岸;西边有珠江大桥飞架东西,连通南海、佛山;西南有京广铁路广州货运南站及广州港新风作业码头;更有107国道,广佛高速公路连接广深高速公路,直通香港。广州地铁1号线纵贯全区,形成海、陆、空立体交通网络,使荔湾区的地理位置得天独厚,为商家必争之地。
  百年华埠耀寰宇--上下九步行街,是中国最繁华的商业步行街之一,是广州市标志性形象工程,被誉为"羊城十大旅游美景 --西关商廊"。整条街由风格独特、古色古香的骑楼茶楼建筑组成,是南欧建筑与广州特色相结合的产物。街内还有中国数一数二的玉器市场-华林寺玉器街和著名的国家级农副产品市场和中药材市场--清平市场。1400多年前,印度高僧达摩到中国传教,首先在西关下九路登陆(今"西来初地"),并建"西来庵"(今华林寺),开创了中国佛教禅宗和嵩山少林寺。自1995年上下九步行街开通以来,已先后接待了江泽民、李鹏、、朱镕基、叶选平、董建华等领导人。
  通商口岸誉古今--"十三行"早在明末清初,就是中国对外贸易的唯一通商口岸;沙面岛过去是英、法等国的租界,是当今中国最富有欧陆风情的地方之一,岛内坐落着上百栋集欧美各国20世纪初风格的建筑,名木古树林立,眺望珠江白鹅潭,更有江阔天高、气象万千之感!
  "西关美食"甲天下--力求"色香味形意"完美结合,享有"食在荔湾"之盛誉。南信双皮奶、欧成记上汤鲜虾云吞面、德昌咸煎饼、荔湾艇仔粥等等,数量多达数百种;以陶陶居、趣香饼家、莲香楼、荣华等为代表的广式月饼蜚声海内外,远销世界各地。
  民俗风情垂青史--西关除以端庄淑雅、追求新潮的"西关小姐"遐尔闻名外,书画、粤剧等也有独特的成就。岭南画派创始于西关;粤曲、粤剧群众基础深厚,有几十个"私伙局",素有"粤剧曲艺之乡"之称。
  建筑文化冠南粤--陈氏书院是全国重点文物保护单位,代表了岭南建筑艺术的最高成就,石雕、砖雕、木雕、陶雕、泥雕、铁铸、门画、壁画布满了全部厅堂和廊庑,造型美观,工艺精巧。郭沫若曾赞叹道:"天工人可代,人工天不逾"!早在20年代,陈氏书院就被国际学者载入世界性代表建筑之一。西关大屋是最具西关民俗风情特色的建筑,装饰讲究、工艺精美,趟拢门、满洲窗独具特色。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

粤剧銮舆堂

  粤剧蛮舆堂位于西关恩宁路永庆二巷7号之一。銮舆堂原是粤剧八和会馆属下的德和堂,德和堂是粤剧的武家堂口,后改称为銮舆堂。门口两扇高4米、宽1.1米、厚0.08米,一整块无驳口的大木门,原为黄沙八和会馆大门,经历了一百多年历史,极为罕见,有着一段传奇的故事,它虽然历尽了沧桑,饱经战火,但却无损伤,并曾在羊城国际粤剧艺术博览会展示过。宽敞的大厅,摆放着酸枝台椅,陈设古色古香,厅堂还保存着已故武功师傅梁金峰捐赠的红船木桩和师傅自拍练武功108种招式的照片,以传后人。二楼设有华光宝殿,宝殿高3米、宽2.7米、深为0.9米,配以用锦缎制成的具有传统色彩的横衽、长幡、台围等。里面摆放着用樟木雕刻而成的田窦二师、张骞师父、华光师父几位先师像,每年农历三月二十四日、二十八和九月二十八日分别为行拜纪念师父的宝诞,尤以农历九月二十八日纪念华光师父的宝诞特别隆重,前来行拜的有二、三百人之多,热闹非凡。传说华光师父是天上火神,属救命师父,又称"三眼华光"。远至美国三藩市、新加坡、香港等地粤剧同仁都分别举行纪念华光先师的盛会。

 

 

八和会馆

  粤剧不似京剧昆曲,被旧世之人称为“国粹”,可它却独具一个风情万种的浪漫雅号——“南国红豆”。有诗言道“南国红豆寄相思”,由此不难联想,那九曲回肠、钻云破雾的凄厉柔婉之粤曲,寄托呈递的也正是粤人原汁原味的心声故情和衷怀乡韵吧……  西关有一条马路叫“恩宁路”。在这条马路上,曾经几立着一个全世界华人侨胞都耳熟能详、神往眷恋的传奇式建筑——八和会馆;人们对它的名字之熟悉恍若如雷贯耳,余韵绕梁,那种亲近之情并不亚于第十甫。
  “八和会馆”是粤剧艺人的行会,从前称为"琼花会馆",当时设于佛山。因粤剧艺人参加太平天国革命,"琼花会馆"于咸丰4年(1845年)被清政府夷为平地,粤剧艺人连遭杀害,走投无路的粤剧艺人们便无奈背井离乡,有的漂洋过海,远走南洋,有的则逃到西关的黄沙。清末光绪15年(公元1889年),粤剧艺人受难者得到了一个读书人梁同善大义凛然无私鼎助,即帮助他们上诉朝廷并最终获得胜诉,粤剧艺术才得以重见天日,得以复活。自那时起,“置之死地而后生”的粤剧人士扬眉吐气地在黄沙买地,并建起一座可容千人居住的大厦——八和会馆,令举世华人震惊又振奋,于是纷纷相传互告,成为传奇美谈。而名不见经传的黄沙自有了八和会馆后,日渐兴旺发达起来,成为西关旺地闹市,也成了旧广州一大声色犬马的风情景观。
  在繁嚣的滚滚市声里,八和会馆像一座“火树银花不夜天”的娱乐城,灯饰璀璨,夜夜笙歌,粤剧红伶名优竞相登台亮艺,接戏卖戏;戏迷票友“追星族”们更是欣喜若狂地听戏点戏,捧戏欢戏,大批的粤剧“发烧友”们就是从那年月应运而生、形成气候的吧!
  1937年,日本战机轰炸广州,"八和会馆"被炸得烟飞灰灭。抗战胜利后的第二年(1946年),海外"八和"子弟希望复合,再次举行义演筹款,在恩宁路重建"八和会馆",并改名为"广东省粤剧八和联谊会"。所谓"八和",就是八个"行头"组成,包括戏服、演员、乐器、挂画等,缺一不可。
  建于旧城区民居之间的"八和会馆"来头可是不小,面积虽小,但它对粤剧艺人的凝聚力和吸引力却是奇大的。会馆的三面墙壁上都张贴着有关演出的宣传海报,和历代穗港粤剧名人的剧照,一张张熟悉的面孔,计有著名的陈醒汉、关德兴、靓少佳、任剑辉和白雪仙、梁醒波、邓碧云等等粤剧名人,还有大家熟悉的香港影视名人,如汪明荃、罗家英、李香琴、郑少秋等等。 "八和"在世界各地都有分会,凡有华人的地方,只要有粤剧,就有八和会馆。因为广州八和悠久的历史渊源和深厚的文化底蕴,世界各地的八和便尊其为祖。每年的师傅诞,广州、香港的八和成员都会聚首一堂,而广州八和会馆就成了主要基地。此外,会员还特地在广州兴建了粤剧八和公墓,显示八和子弟同心同德,心心相连。

 

Liwan, traditionally known as Xiguan, is named after Lizhi Wan (Litchi Bay) in the district which is depicted by a poet as "Green water in the bay, red litchis on both banks." The district occupies an area of 16.2 square kilometers with a permanent population of 500,000, and more than 200,000 non-permanent residents.
Liwan District is located in the west of downtown Guangzhou, on the east and north bank of the Pearl River. It is the center for transportation with the railway station and Baiyun International Airport to its north, Renmin Bridge and Pearl River Tunnel to its south connecting both banks of the river, Pearl River Bridge to its west connecting Nanhai and Foshan, Guangzhou South freight terminal of Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and Guangzhou Xinfeng Dock to its southwest, 107 National Highway and Guangzhou-Foshan Highway connecting with Guangzhou-Shenzhen Highway toward Hong Kong, Number One Route of Guangzhou Subway passing through the entire district; all these create a complete transportation network including water, land and air routes in the district. Liwan District is therefore a unique attraction for business people.
Shangxiajiu Pedestrians' Shopping Street is a prosperous commercial society, with a history of more than one hundred years, and is one of the most bustling commercial pedestrians' shopping streets in China and a trademark project of the city. It is also known as the Xiguan Commercial Corridor and is one of the Top Ten Guangzhou Tourist Attractions. The street is composed of the unique and ancient architecture of qilou and teahouses, featuring the characteristics of south European and local styles. The street hosts Hualin Temple Jadeware Street, the number one jadeware market in China, and Qingping Market, national market for agricultural and sideline products as well as traditional Chinese medicinal materials. More than 1,400 years ago, Dharma, an accomplished Indian monk who came to China as a missionary, firstly landed at Xiajiu Road (today's Xilaichudi, the first landing place of the westerners) and constructed Xilai Temple (today's Hualin Temple), paving the way for establishing Chinese Buddhism Zen and Shaolin Temple at Mount Song. Shangxiajiu Pedestrians' Shopping Street was opened in 1995 and since then, many top state officials including Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Zhu Rongji, Ye Xuanping and Tung Chee-hwa have visited the place.
Shisanhang (Thirteen Hongs) was a famous treaty port at the end of Ming Dynasty and the beginning of Qing Dynasty. It was the only treaty port open for foreign businessmen in China. Shamian Islet used to be the foreign settlement for Britain and France and is now one of the places with the most characteristic European style in China. There are more than one hundred examples of 20th century European and American architecture. These stand among the ancient woods, overlooking the White Swan Pond of the Pearl River, where you can enjoy wide and variable views.
Xiguan is a Heaven for Gourmets: the local cuisine combines color, flavor, taste, presenting a form and implied connotation to produce perfect food; Liwan District is accordingly known as the heaven for gourmets. There are hundreds of famous foods here including Nanxin double layer milk custard, Ouchengji fresh shrimp wonton and noodle with broth, Dechang salted fried pancake, Liwan boat porridge. The Cantonese style moon cake is popular throughout the world with Taotaoju, Quxiang Cake house, Lianxianglou and Ronghua as its leading producers.
Xiguan is famous for its historical folk customs: graceful, gentle and fashionable Xiguan Ladies, painting and calligraphy as well as Cantonese opera. The famous Lingnan (south of the five ridges) painting school originated from Xiguan; both Guangdong music and Guangdong opera enjoy great popularity among local people here, where there are dozens of private opera troupes, making Xiguan the Hometown of Cantonese Opera.
Top architectural culture in south Guangdong: Chens Academy is a key historical site and enjoys national protection and demonstrates the highest achievements of Lingnan architecture. The main halls and corridors are decorated with stone, brick, wood, porcelain, and clay carvings, iron casts, door paintings and wall paintings. All of these are exquisitely made with skillful techniques. Guo Moruo once praised: "People can produce what the nature produces, yet the nature can not surpass what people produce." In the 1920s, Chens Academy was listed as one of the world's architectural masterpieces by international scholars. Xiguan civil house demonstrates the unique style of the place and houses with the collection of Xiguan folk customs, featuring detailed decoration, exquisite handcrafts, Tang Long doors and Manchu windows.

Guangdong Opera Luanyu Hall

Guangdong Opera Luanyu Hall is located at 7-1, Yongqing Lane 2, Ennin Road, Xiguan. Luanyutang used to be called Dehe Hall, a branch of Guangdong Opera Bahe Hall and an acrobatic school of Guangdong Opera. It has a wooden gate, measuring 4m x 1.1m x 0.08m and has no cracks. It was the former gate of Huangsha Bahe Hall. After more than one hundred years of weathering and wars, it is as new as it was then. It was once an exhibit at a Guangzhou opera exposition. The spacious hall is furnished with suanzhi tables and chairs in ancient styles, a red boat stump donated by Liang Jinfeng, the ex-martial skill master, and photos of his 108 martial skills to be learned by younger generations. The Huaguang Palace on the second floor, measuring 3m x 2.7m x 0.9m, is decorated with traditional brocade streamers and table coverings. In the palace are carved figures of Master Tian and Master Dou, Master Zhang Qian and Master Huaguang. On the lunar dates of March 24, 28 and September 28, their masters' respective birthdays, especially on September 29, the birthday of Master Huaguang, the birthday anniversary ceremony is the grandest with over two hundred worshipers present. It is believed that Master Huaguang is the God of Fire and is a savior master also known as three-eyed Huaguang. Guangdong opera artists in San Francisco, Singapore and Hong Kong all respectively hold grand ceremonies in memory of Master Huaguang.

Bahe Hall

Unlike Beijing opera or Kunqu opera, Guangdong opera is not celebrated outside China, but it has gained a poetic name, "Red Bean in the Southern Land". As a poem goes, "Red bean in the southern land is a carrier of love." The name reminds us of the sad touching melody that touches the heart and soul of the Guangdong people for it is a faithful expression of their nostalgia in their minds.
At Xiguan there is a road called Enning Road. By this road there used to be some novel architecture known to every overseas Chinese, Bahe Hall. This name is thunderous, lingering and intimate to Bahe artists no less than Dishifu.
Bahe Hall is a professional society of Guangdong opera artists, established in Foshan and formerly known as "Qionghua Hall". As Guangdong opera artists were involved in Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Qionghua Hall was destroyed by the Qing government in the 4th year of Emperor Xianfeng's rule, with some artists killed. Some left their homes or went abroad and some fled to Huangsha of Xiguan.
In the 15th year of Emperor Guangxu's rule and at the end of the Qing Dynasty (1889), Guangdong opera artists gained the support from Liang Tongshan, a scholar who firmly upheld justice and helped them by appealing to the imperial court and finally won the case. Guangdong opera was justified and regained its glory. After that, the survivors bought land at Huangsha and constructed a huge building which could accommodate a thousand people. The building was Bahe Hall and it surprised and encouraged the Chinese all over the world. Bahe was alive as a wonder in people's conversation. Huangsha, which had remained unknown before, grew to be a busy business center of Xiguan and brought Guangzhou to her heyday because of all the sensual pleasures.
In the noisy city, Bahe Hall was a recreational resort during sleepless nights. It was bustling with bright and colorful fireworks, brilliant lights, music and singing, with renowned Guangdong opera reformers on the stage and with talks and negotiations going on about performances. Numerous opera fans, amateurs and admirers were mad about operas, choosing and listening to operas while making excited comments. Large numbers of Guangdong opera fanciers emerged and gained a reputation at the right moment.
In 1937, Bahe Hall was bombarded and raised to the ground by Japanese planes. Two years after the victory over Japan (1946), overseas Bahe artists all hoped to restore their society. They put on charity performances to collect money and constructed the present Guangdong Opera Bahe Friendship Promotion Society formerly known as Bahe Hall. Bahe refers to the eight costumes and paraphernalia put together, including costumes, actors and actresses, musical instruments, paintings, etc. which are indispensable for opera performances.
Bahe Hall is significant although it is small and located among the urban houses. It is a tremendous attraction with great cohesiveness to Guangdong opera artists. On the three walls of the hall are posters depicting performances, photographs of great Guangdong opera artists who are familiar to opera fans, such as Chen Xinghan, Guan Dexing, Liang Shaojia, Ren Jianhui, Baixuexian, Liang Xingbo and Deng Biyun and also well-known movie and TV artists from Hong Kong, such as Wang Mingquan, Luo Jiaying, Li Xiangqin and Zhen Shaoqiu. Bahe Hall has branches everywhere in the world where there are Chinese and Guangdong opera performances. Bahe artists all over the world deem Guangzhou Bahe as the origin of Bahe arts for her historical connection with the world and her cultural profundity. On every birthday anniversary of the Bahe masters, Bahe artists from Guangzhou and Hong Kong gather at Bahe Hall, the center of Bahe artists. A public Bahe graveyard has been constructed in Guangzhou as a token of Bahe spirit and morality.

 
 
 
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